Candidate of Legal Sciences, electoral researcher
Candidate of Biological Sciences and Candidate of Legal Sciences (PhD equivalent). Expert of Kudrin's Committee of Civil Initiatives (since 2012), member of the Council of Movement for Defence of Voters' Rights “Golos” (since 2013), member of the expert consulting group under the Chairman of the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation and expert of Russian Fund for Free Elections (since 2017). In 1990-2001, he was a member of the electoral commissions of different levels in Russia. In 1999-2003, he worked on election legislation of Moscow and Russian Federation. In addition, he worked for Independent institute of elections (2003-2008) and for “Golos” Association (2008-2012). Since 2001 he regularly publishes scholarly articles and books related to electoral law, the recent history of the Russian elections, electoral systems, monitoring of electoral processes and electoral statistics (12 books and more than 100 articles in total).